配置文件中文版,HTTP最新官方配置

日期:2019-11-29编辑作者:明仕ms57服务器&运维

# # Based upon the NCSA server configuration files originally by Rob McCool...

#
# This is the main Apache HTTP server configuration file. It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:; for detailed information.
# In particular, see
# <URL:;
# for a discussion of each configuration directive.
#
# 这是Apache server的主配置文件. 它包含配置指令,来指示服务器。
# 参考 了解关于指令的详细信息。
# 另外,参看 获取每个配置指令的讨论。

Apache最新官方配置文件中文版。帮忙web服务器管理员更方便的对Apache进行配置。
#
# Based upon the NCSA server configuration files originally by Rob McCool.
#参照NCSA服务器的配置文件,原版由Rob McCool发布
#
# This is the main Apache server configuration file. It contains the
# configuration directives that give the server its instructions.
# See <URL:; for detailed information about
# the directives.
#这是Apache server的主配置文件. 它包含配置指令,来指示服务器
#请参考 了解关于指令的详细信息
# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.
#不要仅仅是阅读本指令,而应该理解指令做了什么。在这里仅起提示的作用。
#如果你不清楚请参阅在线文档。特别提示
# The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections:
#配置文件批令分为三个基本组
# 1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a
# whole (the 'global environment').
# 1. 控制Apache server的全局操作的指令(全局环境变量).
# 2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server,
# which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host.
# These directives also provide default values for the settings
# of all virtual hosts.
# 2.配置主服务或者默认服务的指令,它针对那些被虚拟主机以外的请求作出响应.
#它也包含虚拟主机的一些默认参数
# 3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to
# different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the
# same Apache server process.
# 3. 虚拟主机设置,这使得发往不同的ip或者主机名的请求可以被子同一个Apache服务# 器处理
# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache2" will be interpreted by the
# server as "C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache2/logs/foo.log".
#配置和日志文件名:如果你所指定的文件名以”/”在Win32中以盘符:/)开头,服务器将以绝对路径来处理。如果不以”/”开头,则以相对于ServerRoot不解释,所以对于logs/foo.log来讲,当ServerRoot为"C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache2”时,则指的是
C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache2/logs/foo.log文件
# NOTE: Where filenames are specified, you must use forward slashes
# instead of backslashes (e.g., "c:/apache" instead of "c:apache").
注意,在文件名的定义中,必须用正斜杠,而不是反斜杠,如c:/apache而不是c:apache
# If a drive letter is omitted, the drive on which Apache.exe is located
# will be used by default. It is recommended that you always supply
# an explicit drive letter in absolute paths, however, to avoid
# confusion.
#如果省略了盘符,则以Apache.exe所在的盘符为默认值
建议在绝对路径中永远使用显式的盘符,这样有助于消除误解
### Section 1: Global Environment
#第一部分全局环境
#
# The directives in this section affect the overall operation of Apache,
# such as the number of concurrent requests it can handle or where it
# can find its configuration files.
#本部分的指令将影响整个Apache服务器,例如它所能处理的并发请求数或者它在哪里能够找到其配置文件
#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
# ServerRoot: 服务器的配置,错误和日志文件的根目录
# NOTE! If you intend to place this on an NFS (or otherwise network)
# mounted filesystem then please read the LockFile documentation (available
# at <URL:;);
# you will save yourself a lot of trouble.
#注意:如果将其保存到NFS上或者网络上mounted的文件系统上,然后应该阅读LockFile文档,.
# Do NOT add a slash at the end of the directory path.
#不要在目录的末尾加上斜杠
ServerRoot "C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache2"
ServerRoot:根目录
#
# ScoreBoardFile: File used to store internal server process information.
# If unspecified (the default), the scoreboard will be stored in an
# anonymous shared memory segment, and will be unavailable to third-party
# applications.
ScoreBoardFile: 保存服务器内部的处理信息
如果未定议(默认状态),scoreboard将被保存在匿名的共享内存段中,并且对于第三方来讲,是不可获得的
# If specified, ensure that no two invocations of Apache share the same
# scoreboard file. The scoreboard file MUST BE STORED ON A LOCAL DISK.
#如果已定义,应确保Apache的两个调用不能共享同一个scoreboard. Scoreboard文件必须存放在可分配的磁盘上
#ScoreBoardFile logs/apache_runtime_status
#
# PidFile: The file in which the server should record its process
# identification number when it starts.
#PidFile:当服务器起努时,服务器需要将其进程ID号存放在此文件中
PidFile logs/httpd.pid
#
# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
#Timeout:接收和发送数据的超时设置,秒数
Timeout 300
#
# KeepAlive: Whether or not to allow persistent connections (more than
# one request per connection). Set to "Off" to deactivate.
#KeepAlive: 是否支持持久联接而不是每个请求建一个连接),设off关闭此功能
KeepAlive On
#
# MaxKeepAliveRequests: The maximum number of requests to allow
# during a persistent connection. Set to 0 to allow an unlimited amount.
# We recommend you leave this number high, for maximum performance.
#MaxKeepAliveRequests:在持久连接期间,所允许的最大请求数量。设为0表示不作限制
建议设为较高的数,以提高性能
MaxKeepAliveRequests 100
#
# KeepAliveTimeout: Number of seconds to wait for the next request from the
# same client on the same connection.
#KeepAliveTimeout:在同一个客户连接中,等待下一个请求的等待时间。
KeepAliveTimeout 15
##
## Server-Pool Size Regulation (MPM specific)
## 常规Server-Pool服务器池的大小(每分钟M数)
# WinNT MPM WinNT 的MPM
# ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in the server process
ThreadPerChild:服务器进程中工作的线程数量
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
每个服务进程的最大请求数
<IfModule mpm_winnt.c>
ThreadsPerChild 250
MaxRequestsPerChild 0
</IfModule>
#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
#Listen:允许你将Apache绑定到指定的IP地址或端口,而不是默认端口,请同时参考<VirtualHost>指令
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses (0.0.0.0)
#像下面那样指定侦听的IP地址,防止Apache抢占所有绑定的IP地址
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 80
#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
#动态共享对象支持DSO
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
#为了能够使用模块功能,模块通常以DSO的方式构建,你应该在下面使用LoadModule行,使得能够在使用前获得指令的功能。静态编译模块在httpd-1中所列举的)不需要在此装载
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
LoadModule access_module modules/mod_access.so
LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so
LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so
LoadModule auth_module modules/mod_auth.so
#LoadModule auth_anon_module modules/mod_auth_anon.so
#LoadModule auth_dbm_module modules/mod_auth_dbm.so
#LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
#LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so
LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so
#LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so
#LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
#LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
#LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so
#LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
LoadModule imap_module modules/mod_imap.so
LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so
#LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
LoadModule isapi_module modules/mod_isapi.so
LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
#LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so
#LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
#LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
#LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
#LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
#LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
#LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so
#LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
#
# ExtendedStatus controls whether Apache will generate "full" status
# information (ExtendedStatus On) or just basic information (ExtendedStatus
# Off) when the "server-status" handler is called. The default is Off.
#扩展状态控制Apache是否产生完整的状态信息设为on产生全部),如果设为Off则产生基本的信息,当与server-status头有关,默认值为Off
#ExtendedStatus On
### Section 2: 'Main' server configuration
#第二部分:主服务配置
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition. These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#本节中指令的设置值,将被主服务所使用,主服务响应那些没有被<VirtualHost>所处理的请求,这些值也为<VirtualHost>容器提供了默认值,你可以在后面的文件中定义
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
所有这些指令将出现在<VirtualHost>容器中,这些设定值将在定义virtual host时被覆写。
#
#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed. This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents. e.g. [email protected]
# ServerAdmin:你的地址,当系统故障时,可以给你发email。此地址出现在那些由服务器生成的页面上,如出错文档。例如:[email protected]
ServerAdmin [email protected]
#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
#ServerNaem定义了server名称和端口号,用以标明自己的身份。通常可以自动定义,建议显式地定义,避免起动时出错
# If this is not set to valid DNS name for your host, server-generated
# redirections will not work. See also the UseCanonicalName directive.
#如果没有正确定义主机的DNS,服务器产生的重定向将不会工作,同时参考UseCanonicalName指令。
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
# You will have to access it by its address anyway, and this will make
# redirections work in a sensible way.
#如果你没有注册DNS名字,请在这里输入IP地址。
你可以在任何情况下使用ip地址,这也使用得重定向变得敏感
ServerName www.moers.com:80
#
# UseCanonicalName: Determines how Apache constructs self-referencing
# URLs and the SERVER_NAME and SERVER_PORT variables.
# When set "Off", Apache will use the Hostname and Port supplied
# by the client. When set "On", Apache will use the value of the
# ServerName directive.
#UseCanonicalName:决定Apaceh如何构建自定参考URL,和SERVER_NAME及SERVER_PORT变量
当设为Off时,Apache将使用客户端给出的域名和端口。当设为On时,Apache将使用ServerName指令
UseCanonicalName Off
#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
#DocumentRoot:服务器文档放置目录。在默认情形下,所有的请求都从这里开始,除了记号和别名将改指它处以外。
DocumentRoot "C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache2/htdocs"
#
# Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
# directory (and its subdirectories).
#每个可供Apache访问的目录,可以配置成允许或禁止哪些服务和特征包括其子目录)
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of
# features.
#首先,我们定义一个默认的非常严格的配置
<Directory />
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None
</Directory>
#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
#注意,从这一点往前,你必须许可某些特殊的功能,所以如果某些功能未能如你所愿,要确保你在在下述中启用了该功能。
#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
# 这将改变你对DocumentRoot的设置
<Directory "C:/Program Files/Apache Group/Apache2/htdocs">
#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
# or any combination of:
可能的值为None,All或者任意组合
#  Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
# 索引包括FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
# doesn't give it to you.
#注意MultiViews被显式地Options All,
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see
#
# for more information.
#选项指令既复杂又重要,请参阅
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
#  Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#AllowOverride 控制什么指令能够加入到.htaccess中,可以是All,None,或者组合关键字
AllowOverride None
#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#控制谁可以可以访问此服务
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>
#
# UserDir: The name of the directory that is appended onto a user's home
# directory if a ~user request is received. Be especially careful to use
# proper, forward slashes here. On Windows NT, "Personal/My Website"
# is a more appropriate choice.
# UserDir: 用户的home的名称,当接到到~user的请求时。
请小心正确使用”/”. 在WinNT上,”Personal/My Website”是更合适的选择
UserDir "My Documents/My Website"
#
# Control access to UserDir directories. The following is an example
# for a site where these directories are restricted to read-only.
#控制UserDir目录,以下是一个例子,这个目录是只读的
# You must correct the path for the root to match your system's configured
# user directory location, e.g. "C:/WinNT/profiles/*/My Documents/My Website"
# or whichever, as appropriate.
#你必须更正root目录,与系统设置相配,如用户目录是C:/WinNT/profiles/*/My Documents/My Website或者其它合适的
#<Directory "C:/Documents and Settings/*/My Documents/My Website">
#AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#Options MultiViews Indexes SymLinksIfOwnerMatch IncludesNoExec
#<Limit GET POST OPTIONS PROPFIND>
#Order allow,deny
#Allow from all
#</Limit>
#<LimitExcept GET POST OPTIONS PROPFIND>
#Order deny,allow
#Deny from all
#</LimitExcept>
#</Directory>
#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#DirectoryIndex: Apache服务器将要以一个目录的形式响应服务
# The index.html.var file (a type-map) is used to deliver content-
# negotiated documents. The MultiViews Option can be used for the
# same purpose, but it is much slower.
#index.html变量文件一种映射)将直接传送内容。MultiViews选项可以用于同样的目的,但是要慢得多
DirectoryIndex index.html index.html.var
#
# AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
# for additional configuration directives. See also the AllowOverride
# directive.
#AccessFileName: 用来查找各个目录下额外的配置指令的配置文件名,同时参考AllowOverride(允许重载)指令
#Acce
AccessFileName .htaccess
#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#下面两行,阻址Web客户端访问 .htaccess和htpasswd(访问设定和密码)的文件
#
<Files ~ "^.ht">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</Files>
#
# TypesConfig describes where the mime.types file (or equivalent) is
# to be found.
# TypesConfig,描述在何处找到mime型别
TypesConfig conf/mime.types
#
# DefaultType is the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
如果服务器不能确定文档的型别,将使用默认的MIME型别,例如根据扩展名
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value. If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#如果你的服务器主要包括text/html文档,”text/plain”就是一个好的取值。如果你的大多数内容是binary(二进制)的,如应用程序或图片,你可能希望使用application/octet-stream,使得浏览器试图显示二进制数据,尽管它们是文本
DefaultType text/plain
#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type. The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
# mod_mime_magic模块,允许服务器根据内容提示来识别文件型别。MIMEMagicFile指令告知模块“内容提示”应到何处找。
<IfModule mod_mime_magic.c>
MIMEMagicFile conf/magic
</IfModule>
#
# HostnameLookups: Log the names of clients or just their IP addresses
# e.g., www.apache.org (on) or 204.62.129.132 (off).
# The default is off because it'd be overall better for the net if people
# had to knowingly turn this feature on, since enabling it means that
# each client request will result in AT LEAST one lookup request to the
# nameserver.
HostNameLookups: 客户日志或者仅其IP地址,如www.apache.org(on) 或者204.62.129.132
(off).默认为值设为off比较好,如果希望将此置为on将意味着第一次客户请求都至少要查询一次nameserver.
#
HostnameLookups Off
#
# EnableMMAP: Control whether memory-mapping is used to deliver
# files (assuming that the underlying OS supports it).
# The default is on; turn this off if you serve from NFS-mounted
# filesystems. On some systems, turning it off (regardless of
# filesystem) can improve performance; for details, please see
#
# EnableMMAP: 控制是否通过内存映射的方式传送文件(须得操作系统支持)
默认值为on; 如果你使用NSF加载的文件系统通常在linux下),应置为off. 在某些系统上,置off,不管使用什么文件系统,能够提高效率,详细情况,请参阅文档
#EnableMMAP off
#
# EnableSendfile: Control whether the sendfile kernel support is
# used to deliver files (assuming that the OS supports it).
# The default is on; turn this off if you serve from NFS-mounted
# filesystems. Please see
#
# EnableSendfile: 控制内核传送文件是否支持需要OS支持)。默认为on,如果使用NFS,则使用off
#EnableSendfile off
#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here. If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#ErrorLog: 出错日志文件
如果你想为虚拟主机定义Errorlog指令,则该虚拟主机的错误信息将被记录到这里
ErrorLog logs/error.log
#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error.log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
# LogLever: 日志等级,与log4j相似,译者注),决定哪些级别的出错信息将被记录,如debug,info,notice,warn,error, crit,alert,emerg等,在设定级别以上的信息就会被记录(译者注).
LogLevel warn
#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
# 日志格式(与log4j相似)
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t "%r" %>s %b "%{Referer}i" "%{User-Agent}i"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t "%r" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent
# You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
#LogFormat "%h %l %u %t "%r" %>s %b "%{Referer}i" "%{User-Agent}i" %I %O" combinedio
未完待续……

# Real-time info on requests and configuration
#Include conf/extra/httpd-info.conf

#
# NOTE: Where filenames are specified, you must use forward slashes
# instead of backslashes (e.g., "c:/apache" instead of "c:apache").
# 注意:在文件名的定义中,必须用正斜杠,而不是反斜杠。(比如,“c:/apache”,而不是“c:apache”)
#
# If a drive letter is omitted, the drive on which Apache.exe is located
# will be used by default. It is recommended that you always supply
# an explicit drive letter in absolute paths, however, to avoid
# confusion.
# 如果省略了盘符,则以Apache.exe所在的盘符为默认值。建议在绝对路径中明确
# 指定盘符,以避免混乱。

#
# LogLevel: Control the number of messages logged to the error_log.
# Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
# alert, emerg.
#
# LogLevel: 控制记录在错误日志文件中的日志信息数量。
# 可能的值包括: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit, alert, emerg.
#
LogLevel warn

#
# AddType allows you to add to or override the MIME configuration
# file specified in TypesConfig for specific file types.
#
#AddType application/x-gzip .tgz
#
# AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers uncompress
# information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.
#
#AddEncoding x-compress .Z
#AddEncoding x-gzip .gz .tgz
#
# If the AddEncoding directives above are commented-out, then you
# probably should define those extensions to indicate media types:
#
AddType application/x-compress .Z
AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

#
# The mod_mime_magic module allows the server to use various hints from the
# contents of the file itself to determine its type. The MIMEMagicFile
# directive tells the module where the hint definitions are located.
#
#MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

</IfModule>

#
# ServerRoot: The top of the directory tree under which the server's
# configuration, error, and log files are kept.
# 指出服务器保存其配置、出错和日志文件等的根目录
#
# Do not add a slash at the end of the directory path. If you point
# ServerRoot at a non-local disk, be sure to point the LockFile directive
# at a local disk. If you wish to share the same ServerRoot for multiple
# httpd daemons, you will need to change at least LockFile and PidFile.
#
# 不要在目录的末尾加上斜杠。如果你想将ServerRoot指向非本地硬盘上,请添加卷到本地硬盘上。
# 如果你想共享 ServerRoot 给多个HTTPD镜像服务,你必须改变LockFile和PidFile。
#
ServerRoot "E:/usr/Apache2.2"

#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
# or any combination of:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
#
#Options:这个指令的值可以是“None”,“All”,或者下列选项的任意组合:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews

<IfModule alias_module>
#
# Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to
# exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client
# will make a new request for the document at its new location.
#
# Redirect:允许你用一个已存在的域名描述文档,但不能用所有的域名(描述)。
# 客户端将用这个新名称发出一个新的请求。
#
# Example:
# Redirect permanent /foo

#
# ServerName gives the name and port that the server uses to identify itself.
# This can often be determined automatically, but we recommend you specify
# it explicitly to prevent problems during startup.
# ServerNaem 定义了server名称和端口号,用以标明自己的身份。
# 通常可以自动定义,建议明确地指定它,避免起动时出错
# If your host doesn't have a registered DNS name, enter its IP address here.
# 如果你没有注册DNS名字,请在这里输入IP地址。
ServerName www.kysf.net:8080

#
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
# doesn't give it to you.
#
# 注意,“MultiViews”必须被显式的指定,“Options All”不能为你提供这个特性。
#
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see
#
# for more information.
#
# options 指令既复杂又重要,请参见
# 获取更多信息。
#
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

# Multi-language error messages
#Include conf/extra/httpd-multilang-errordoc.conf

#
# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
# #下面的设置是防止.htaccess和.htpasswd(访问设定和密码)文件被Web客户查看。
#
<FilesMatch "^.ht">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</FilesMatch>

#添加 .PHP 文件扩展
AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
</IfModule>

# User home directories
#Include conf/extra/httpd-userdir.conf

# For type maps (negotiated resources):
#AddHandler type-map var

#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
# 控制哪些模块可以获得服务。
#
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

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#
# Dynamic Shared Object (DSO) Support
# 动态共享对象(DSO)支持
#
# To be able to use the functionality of a module which was built as a DSO you
# have to place corresponding `LoadModule' lines at this location so the
# directives contained in it are actually available _before_ they are used.
# Statically compiled modules (those listed by `httpd -l') do not need
# to be loaded here.
# 为了能够使用那些以DSO模式编译的模块中的函数,你必须放置相应的“LoadModule”行在这里,以便
# 包含在其后的指令在使用之前激活。
# 那些静态编译的模块(即以“httpd -l”列出的模块)则不需要在这里加载。
#
# Example:
# LoadModule foo_module modules/mod_foo.so
#
LoadModule actions_module modules/mod_actions.so
LoadModule alias_module modules/mod_alias.so
LoadModule asis_module modules/mod_asis.so
LoadModule auth_basic_module modules/mod_auth_basic.so
#LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/mod_auth_digest.so
#LoadModule authn_anon_module modules/mod_authn_anon.so
#LoadModule authn_dbm_module modules/mod_authn_dbm.so
LoadModule authn_default_module modules/mod_authn_default.so
LoadModule authn_file_module modules/mod_authn_file.so
#LoadModule authz_dbm_module modules/mod_authz_dbm.so
LoadModule authz_default_module modules/mod_authz_default.so
LoadModule authz_groupfile_module modules/mod_authz_groupfile.so
LoadModule authz_host_module modules/mod_authz_host.so
LoadModule authz_user_module modules/mod_authz_user.so
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/mod_autoindex.so
#LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/mod_cern_meta.so
LoadModule cgi_module modules/mod_cgi.so
#LoadModule dav_module modules/mod_dav.so
#LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/mod_dav_fs.so
#LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so
LoadModule dir_module modules/mod_dir.so
LoadModule env_module modules/mod_env.so
#LoadModule expires_module modules/mod_expires.so
#LoadModule file_cache_module modules/mod_file_cache.so
#LoadModule headers_module modules/mod_headers.so
LoadModule imagemap_module modules/mod_imagemap.so
LoadModule include_module modules/mod_include.so
#LoadModule info_module modules/mod_info.so
LoadModule isapi_module modules/mod_isapi.so
LoadModule log_config_module modules/mod_log_config.so
LoadModule mime_module modules/mod_mime.so
#LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/mod_mime_magic.so
#LoadModule proxy_module modules/mod_proxy.so
#LoadModule proxy_ajp_module modules/mod_proxy_ajp.so
#LoadModule proxy_balancer_module modules/mod_proxy_balancer.so
#LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/mod_proxy_connect.so
#LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/mod_proxy_http.so
#LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/mod_proxy_ftp.so
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/mod_negotiation.so
#LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/mod_setenvif.so
#LoadModule speling_module modules/mod_speling.so
#LoadModule status_module modules/mod_status.so
#LoadModule unique_id_module modules/mod_unique_id.so
LoadModule userdir_module modules/mod_userdir.so
#LoadModule usertrack_module modules/mod_usertrack.so
#LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/mod_vhost_alias.so
#LoadModule ssl_module modules/mod_ssl.so
LoadModule php5_module "E:/usr/php/php5apache2_2.dll"

#
# Listen: Allows you to bind Apache to specific IP addresses and/or
# ports, instead of the default. See also the <VirtualHost>
# directive.
# Listen:允许你绑定Apache服务到指定的IP地址和端口上,以取代默认值。请同时参考<VirtualHost>
# 指令。
#
# Change this to Listen on specific IP addresses as shown below to
# prevent Apache from glomming onto all bound IP addresses (0.0.0.0)
# 像下面那样使Apache只在指定的IP地址上监听,以防止它在IP地址0.0.0.0上监听。
#
#Listen 12.34.56.78:80
Listen 8080

# Fancy directory listings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-autoindex.conf

#
# AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers":
# actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
# or added with the Action directive (see below)
#
# To use CGI scripts outside of ScriptAliased directories:
# (You will also need to add "ExecCGI" to the "Options" directive.)
#
#AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

#
# Apache parses all CGI scripts for the shebang line by default.
# This comment line, the first line of the script, consists of the symbols
# pound (#) and exclamation (!) followed by the path of the program that
# can execute this specific script. For a perl script, with perl.exe in
# the C:Program FilesPerl directory, the shebang line should be:
#
# 默认的,Apache 将整个行解释为 CGI 脚本。
# 注释行、脚本第一行、带#!的程序路径,都能执行这个指定的脚本。比如一个 perl 脚本,
# 在 C:Program FilesPerl 中有 perl.exe 解释程序,整个行写为:
#
#!c:/program files/perl/perl

#
# Alias: Maps web paths into filesystem paths and is used to
# access content that does not live under the DocumentRoot.
#
#Alias: 映射web路径到文件系统路径,通常用于访问不在DocumentRoot里面的内容
#
# Example:
# Alias /webpath /full/filesystem/path
#
# If you include a trailing / on /webpath then the server will
# require it to be present in the URL. You will also likely
# need to provide a <Directory> section to allow access to
# the filesystem path.
#
# 如果web路径中有后缀“/”,则服务器要求有后缀“/”来描述URL。你也可以用 <Directory> 片段
# 允许访问文件系统路径。

# Distributed authoring and versioning (WebDAV)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-dav.conf

#
# Filters allow you to process content before it is sent to the client.
#
# To parse .shtml files for server-side includes (SSI):
# (You will also need to add "Includes" to the "Options" directive.)
#
#AddType text/html .shtml
#AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

#
# DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
# documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
# symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.
# DocumentRoot: 你的文档的根目录。默认情况下,所有的请求都从这里开始,
# 但是可以使用符号链接和别名来指向到其他的位置。
#
DocumentRoot "E:/usr/Apache2.2/htdocs"

# Local access to the Apache HTTP Server Manual
#Include conf/extra/httpd-manual.conf

#
# DefaultType: the default MIME type the server will use for a document
# if it cannot otherwise determine one, such as from filename extensions.
# If your server contains mostly text or HTML documents, "text/plain" is
# a good value. If most of your content is binary, such as applications
# or images, you may want to use "application/octet-stream" instead to
# keep browsers from trying to display binary files as though they are
# text.
#
DefaultType text/plain

# 配置 php.ini 的路径
PHPIniDir "E:/usr/php"

# Configuration and logfile names: If the filenames you specify for many
# of the server's control files begin with "/" (or "drive:/" for Win32), the
# server will use that explicit path. If the filenames do *not* begin
# with "/", the value of ServerRoot is prepended -- so "logs/foo.log"
# with ServerRoot set to "E:/usr/Apache2.2" will be interpreted by the
# server as "E:/usr/Apache2.2/logs/foo.log".
#
# 配置和日志文件名:如果你所指定的文件名以“/”(在Win32中以“盘符:/”)开头,
# 服务器将以绝对路径来处理。如果文件名不以“/”开头,则以相对路径处理,
# 相对于服务器根(Serverroot)。因此“logs/foo.log”,如果服务器根目录
# 为“E:/usr/Apache2.2”,则服务器解释为“E:/usr/Apache2.2/logs/foo.log”。

</Directory>

# Server-pool management (MPM specific)
#Include conf/extra/httpd-mpm.conf

#
# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
#
# DirectoryIndex: 当请求是一个目录时,Apache向用户提供服务的文件名。(即默认文档名。-译者注。)
#
<IfModule dir_module>
DirectoryIndex index.html
</IfModule>

#
# Note that from this point forward you must specifically allow
# particular features to be enabled - so if something's not working as
# you might expect, make sure that you have specifically enabled it
# below.
# 注意从这里开始你一定要明确地允许哪些特别的特性能够被使用。
# 所以,如果Apache没有象你所期待的那样工作的话, 请检查你是否在下面明确的指定它可用。

#
# ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.
# ScriptAliases are essentially the same as Aliases, except that
# documents in the target directory are treated as applications and
# run by the server when requested rather than as documents sent to the
# client. The same rules about trailing "/" apply to ScriptAlias
# directives as to Alias.
#
# ScriptAlias: 指定包含服务脚本的目录。
# ScriptAliases本质上与Aliases一样,除了这里的文档在请求时做为程序处理和运行,
# 而不是作为文档发送到客户端。尾部的“/”规则与Alias一样。
#
ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "E:/usr/Apache2.2/cgi-bin/"

<IfModule logio_module>
# You need to enable mod_logio.c to use %I and %O
#
# 你需要安装了mod_logio.c模块才能使用%I和%O
#
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t "%r" %>s %b "%{Referer}i" "%{User-Agent}i" %I %O" combinedio
</IfModule>

#
# ErrorLog: The location of the error log file.
# If you do not specify an ErrorLog directive within a <VirtualHost>
# container, error messages relating to that virtual host will be
# logged here. If you *do* define an error logfile for a <VirtualHost>
# container, that host's errors will be logged there and not here.
#
# ErrorLog: 错误日志文件位置。
# 如果你没有在<VirtualHost>内定义ErrorLog指令,这个虚拟主机的错误信息
# 将记录在这里。如果你在<VirtualHost>定义了ErrorLog,这些错误信息将记录在你所
# 定义的文件里,而不是这里定义的文件。
#
ErrorLog logs/error.log

# Various default settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-default.conf

# The configuration directives are grouped into three basic sections:
# 配置文件批令分为三个基本组:
#
# 1. Directives that control the operation of the Apache server process as a
# whole (the 'global environment').
# 1.控制Apache server的全局操作的指令(全局环境变量)。
#
# 2. Directives that define the parameters of the 'main' or 'default' server,
# which responds to requests that aren't handled by a virtual host.
# These directives also provide default values for the settings
# of all virtual hosts.
# 2. 配置主服务或者默认服务的指令,它针对那些被虚拟主机以外的请求作出响应。
# 它也包含虚拟主机的一些默认参数。
#
# 3. Settings for virtual hosts, which allow Web requests to be sent to
# different IP addresses or hostnames and have them handled by the
# same Apache server process.
# 3. 虚拟主机设置,这使得发往不同的ip或者主机名的请求可以被子同一个Apache服务器处理。

# 'Main' server configuration
# 主服务配置
#
# The directives in this section set up the values used by the 'main'
# server, which responds to any requests that aren't handled by a
# <VirtualHost> definition. These values also provide defaults for
# any <VirtualHost> containers you may define later in the file.
#
# 本节中指令的设置值,将被主服务所使用,主服务响应那些没有被<VirtualHost>所处理的请求,
# 这些值也为<VirtualHost>容器提供了默认值,你可以在后面的文件中定义
#
# All of these directives may appear inside <VirtualHost> containers,
# in which case these default settings will be overridden for the
# virtual host being defined.
#
# 所有这些指令将出现在<VirtualHost>容器中,这些设定值将在定义virtual host时被覆写。

# ThreadsPerChild: constant number of worker threads in the server process
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
# ThreadsPerChild:每个服务进程中的工作线程常数
# MaxRequestsPerChild:服务进程中允许的最大请求数目
ThreadsPerChild 250
MaxRequestsPerChild 0

#
# Customizable error responses come in three flavors:
# 1) plain text 2) local redirects 3) external redirects
#
# Some examples:
#ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo."
#ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
#ErrorDocument 404 "/cgi-bin/missing_handler.pl"
#ErrorDocument 402
#

#
# "E:/usr/Apache2.2/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
#
# 更改 "E:/usr/Apache2.2/cgi-bin" 为你的 ScriptAlias(脚本别名)。
#
<Directory "E:/usr/Apache2.2/cgi-bin">
AllowOverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

# Language settings
#Include conf/extra/httpd-languages.conf

#
# Each directory to which Apache has access can be configured with respect
# to which services and features are allowed and/or disabled in that
# directory (and its subdirectories).
# 每个可供Apache访问的目录,可以配置成允许和(或)禁止哪些服务和特性(包括其子目录)
#
# First, we configure the "default" to be a very restrictive set of
# features.
# 首先,我们定义一个默认的非常严格的配置
#
<Directory />
Options FollowSymLinks
AllowOverride None
Order deny,allow
Deny from all
Satisfy all
</Directory>

#
# This should be changed to whatever you set DocumentRoot to.
# 这将改变你对DocumentRoot的设置
#
<Directory "E:/usr/Apache2.2/htdocs">

#
# ServerAdmin: Your address, where problems with the server should be
# e-mailed. This address appears on some server-generated pages, such
# as error documents. e.g. admin@your-domain.com
# ServerAdmin: 你的地址,当系统故障时,可以给你发email。
# 此地址出现在那些由服务器生成的页面上,如出错文档。例如:admin@your-domain.com
#
ServerAdmin indian@163.com

<IfModule log_config_module>
#
# The following directives define some format nicknames for use with
# a CustomLog directive (see below).
#
# 下面的参数设置是为CustomLog指令定义格式别名(看下面)。
#
#
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t "%r" %>s %b "%{Referer}i" "%{User-Agent}i"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t "%r" %>s %b" common

# Supplemental configuration
#
# The configuration files in the conf/extra/ directory can be
# included to add extra features or to modify the default configuration of
# the server, or you may simply copy their contents here and change as
# necessary.

#
# The location and format of the access logfile (Common Logfile Format).
# If you do not define any access logfiles within a <VirtualHost>
# container, they will be logged here. Contrariwise, if you *do*
# define per-<VirtualHost> access logfiles, transactions will be
# logged therein and *not* in this file.
#
# 指定访问日志文件的位置和格式(一般日志格式)。
# 如果你没有在<VirtualHost>内定义这个指令,处理信息将记录在这里,
# 如果你定义了这个指令,则处理信息记录在你指定的位置,而不是这儿定义的位置。
#
CustomLog logs/access.log common

#
# If you prefer a logfile with access, agent, and referer information
# (Combined Logfile Format) you can use the following directive.
#
# 如果你想要使用一个文件记录access,agent和referer信息(组合日志格式),
# 你可以如下定义这个指令:
#
#CustomLog logs/access.log combined
</IfModule>

# Note you _must_not_ indent the actual shebang line, and it must be the
# first line of the file. Of course, CGI processing must be enabled by
# the appropriate ScriptAlias or Options ExecCGI directives for the files
# or directory in question.
#
# However, Apache on Windows allows either the Unix behavior above, or can
# use the Registry to match files by extention. The command to execute
# a file of this type is retrieved from the registry by the same method as
# the Windows Explorer would use to handle double-clicking on a file.
# These script actions can be configured from the Windows Explorer View menu,
# 'Folder Options', and reviewing the 'File Types' tab. Clicking the Edit
# button allows you to modify the Actions, of which Apache 1.3 attempts to
# perform the 'Open' Action, and failing that it will try the shebang line.
# This behavior is subject to change in Apache release 2.0.
#
# Each mechanism has it's own specific security weaknesses, from the means
# to run a program you didn't intend the website owner to invoke, and the
# best method is a matter of great debate.
#
# To enable the this Windows specific behavior (and therefore -disable- the
# equivilant Unix behavior), uncomment the following directive:
#
#ScriptInterpreterSource registry
#
# The directive above can be placed in individual <Directory> blocks or the
# .htaccess file, with either the 'registry' (Windows behavior) or 'script'
# (Unix behavior) option, and will override this server default option.
#

<IfModule mime_module>
#
# TypesConfig points to the file containing the list of mappings from
# filename extension to MIME-type.
#
TypesConfig conf/mime.types

#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
# AllowOverride 控制那些被放置在.htaccess文件中的指令。
# 它可以是“All”,“None”,或者下列指令的组合:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
AllowOverride None

# Virtual hosts
#Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf

#
# EnableMMAP and EnableSendfile: On systems that support it,
# memory-mapping or the sendfile syscall is used to deliver
# files. This usually improves server performance, but must
# be turned off when serving from networked-mounted
# filesystems or if support for these functions is otherwise
# broken on your system.
#
#EnableMMAP off
#EnableSendfile off

# Secure (SSL/TLS) connections
#Include conf/extra/httpd-ssl.conf
#
# Note: The following must must be present to support
# starting without SSL on platforms with no /dev/random equivalent
# but a statically compiled-in mod_ssl.
#
<IfModule ssl_module>
SSLRandomSeed startup builtin
SSLRandomSeed connect builtin
</IfModule>

# Do NOT simply read the instructions in here without understanding
# what they do. They're here only as hints or reminders. If you are unsure
# consult the online docs. You have been warned.
#
# 不要仅仅是阅读本指令,而应该理解指令做了什么。在这里仅起提示的作用。
# 如果你不清楚请参阅在线文档。特别提示。

本文由明仕ms577发布于明仕ms57服务器&运维,转载请注明出处:配置文件中文版,HTTP最新官方配置

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